Exciting news from the L165 and Clan MacLeod DNA projects, there is a new subclade to the MacLeod R1b-BY3210, and it has a famous member! The new Subclade is BY19718, and it has been found positive in a descendant of Donald MacLeod of Galtrigal “Faithful Palinurus”, the boatman who aided the rebel prince Charles Edward Stuart’s escape from the failed 1745 Jacobite Rebellion. For a rough Pop Culture reference to Prince Charlie’s escapades, see series Outlander
Some background on Donald MacLeod of Galtrigal
The SNP Pathway to the MacLeod Y-DNA block for those familiar with Y-DNA:
R1b-M269>…>P312/S116 > Z40481 > ZZ11 > DF27/S250 > Z195/S355 > Z198 > L165/S68 > FGC29987 > BY3224 > BY3253 > BY3210 (STR estimate dates 1230-1350AD most recent common ancestor (MRCA), not SNP dated yet)
MacLeod Subclade Branches:
–BY13703: Isle of Harris potential association (STR estimate date 1650AD MRCA, not SNP dated yet)
–BY19718: Donald MacLeod of Galtrigal “Palinurus”
Crofting is a term that many Texans may be unfamiliar with, but is very common in Scotland. A croft is a piece of agricultural land that is rented to a tenant, or “crofter,” often on a year-to-year basis. Prior to the 1900s, very few of inhabitants of the Scottish Highlands and islands owned the land that they lived on. Most of the land was owned by a very small group of landowners. Up until 1886, these landlords were free to evict their tenants or raise the rent at any time and did not have to compensate the tenants for any improvements they had made to the land or buildings. Ultimately this allowed the landlords to systematically “clear” their lands of most of the inhabitants, by raising the rents well beyond the croft’s ability to produce a cash crop. This left the land vacant and made way for the landlords to pursue new ventures to increase the profitability of their lands.
Starting in 1877 on the Isle of Skye tenants began a movement demanding reform of the crofting system by refusing to pay his rent or leave his croft. This movement, now called the Crofters’ War, grew throughout the Highlands and islands and eventually led to the establishment of many laws designed to protect the rights of the tenants. A memorial to the Crofters’ War is now being planned by the Staffin Community Trust and Atlas Arts.
See the full story b http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-highlands-islands-38883099